Thirteen years’ experience of 893 PGD cycles for monogenic disorders in a publicly funded, nationally regulated regional hospital service
This study provides an overview of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for single gene diseases and the management of expanding indications in the context of a fully financially covered service at Montpellier’s regional hospital centre. Within the framework of a restrictive law ruling PGD in France, only the parental genetic risk can be studied in embryos (concurrent aneuploidy screening is not allowed). PCR-based techniques were developed combining mutation detection and closely linked short tandem repeat markers within or flanking the affected genes, and set up more than 100 different robust fluorescent multiplex assays for 61 monogenic disorders. This strategy was used to analyse blastomeres from cleavage-stage embryos. Overall, 893 cycles were initiated in 384 couples; 727 cycles proceeded to oocyte retrieval and 608 cycles to embryo transfer, resulting in 184 deliveries. Clinical pregnancy rate per transfer, implantation and miscarriage rates were 33.6%, 25.1% and 8.8%, respectively. Our PGD programme resulted in the birth of 214 healthy babies for 162 out of 358 couples (45.3%), constituting a relevant achievement within an organizational framework that does not allow aneuploidy screening but provides equal access to PGD, both geographically and socioeconomically. This is a rare example of a fully free-of-charge PGD service.